marie leszczyńska death

Marie Leszczyńska : biography 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768 The announcement of the wedding was not received well as the royal court; as the father of Marie had been a monarch for only a short time, she was thought to be a poor choice. [4] However, though she was careful to always fulfill her representational role, she never participated in court life outside of what was necessary to fulfill her ceremonial duties, and when they were done she preferred to retire to her private apartments with an intimate circle of friends. A devout Roman Catholic throughout her life, Marie was popular among the French people for her generosity and introduced many Polish customs to the royal court at Versailles. [5] Marie made a good impression upon the public from the beginning, such as when she handed out largesse on her way to her wedding in Fontainebleau. Their lifestyle in Wissembourg was regarded as very below standard for a royal at that time; they lived in a small house, and could not pay the salary of their small retinue from which a few "served as an apology for a guard of honour", and the jewels of the former queen Catherine were reportedly held as security by a moneylender. [6], Queen Marie eventually did manage to win the respect of the court nobility by her strict adherence to court etiquette, which made her opinion at least formally important. I remember that giddy day when the colonist and I were wed; the gin flowed very free, we rolled out through Covent Garden in the best coach and by the end of the night grandmother Gilflurt was somewhat … [4] Though she had simple habits - her apartments at Versailles were not redecorated after 1737 - her favorite game, cavagnole, often placed her in debt, and the King was normally unwilling to pay these off for her. His uncle, the future. On 4 September 1725, she married Louis XV of France. [4] It was also a fact, that if the king should die before his son was an adult, then she would in accordance with custom have become regent of France until his 13th birthday, which made Marie a potential regent from the birth of the dauphin until his 13th-birthday,[4] a fact which would have been well known at court. Cardinal Fleury warned the king that no woman should be allowed to participate in state affairs, and that listening to women's advises would lead to disaster.[5]. [3] Zweibrücken then passed to a cousin of his. Her other favorite lady in waiting was her Dame d'atour, Françoise de Mazarin, who supported Marie during the affair between her cousin, Louise Julie de Mailly, and the king. She was the grandmother of Louis XVI, Louis XVIII and Charles X of France. As Queen of France, she was known to welcome Swedish ambassadors to France with the phrase "Welcome, Dearest Heart!" Death. In France, she was referred to as Marie Leczinska. She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis and her heart was entombed at the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in Nancy (Lorraine). Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska (Polish: [ˈmarja lɛʂˈtʂɨj̃ska]; 23 June 1703 – 24 June 1768), also known as Marie Leczinska (French: [maʁi lɛɡzɛ̃ska]), was a Polish princess and Queen consort of France from 1725 until 1768 by marriage to Louis XV. [4] In contrast to the other official mistresses, Marie had a moderately friendly and cordial relationship to Madame de Pompadour, who always treated the Queen with deference and respect, though Marie did (unsuccessfully) oppose Pompadour's appointment as a lady-in-waiting in 1756. Her children all regarded her as a role model of virtue, particularly the daughters, though Marie herself reportedly was not noted to show much affection toward them, being phlegmatic in her nature. She was not the first choice on the list. Wahlström & Widstrand (1947), Clarissa Campbell Orr: Queenship in Europe 1660-1815: The Role of the Consort. Upon her marriage, Maria's Polish name was modified into French as Marie. Louis and Marie first met on the eve of their wedding, which took place on 5 September 1725, at the Château de Fontainebleau. Her death on 24 June 1768, at the age of 65 was a huge blow to the French Monarchy. Stanislaus unsuccessfully tried to arrange a marriage for her with the Count of Charolais, brother of the Duke of Bourbon. Born Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska h. Wieniawa, she was the second daughter of Stanisław Leszczyński and his wife Katarzyna Opalińska. She was born in Trzebnica (German: Trebnitz) in Lower Silesia, the year before her father was made king of Poland by Charles XII of Sweden, who had invaded the country in 1704. Marie Leszczyńska (Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska; Trzebnica, Poland, 23rd June 1703 – Versailles, France, 24th June 1768) Marie Leszczyńska by Jean-Marc Nattier, 1748 : Although we have previously welcomed Marie Leszczyńska to the salon, she was very much there as one of a pair, celebrating her wedding to King Louis XV of France. This is the correct spelling of the surname in modern Polish; other spellings are also used in English and French. Marie Leszczyńska was truly a people's queen. Marie Leszczyńska (Trzebnica, 23 June 1703 – Versailles, 24 June 1768) was a queen of France as wife of Louis XV. Madame de Prie immediately enlisted the queen to speak to the king in favor of Bourbon. Marie played some part as a cultural patron. [4] She and the clergy supported the idea of the king exiling his mistress Marie Anne de Mailly and her sister and the idea that the king should make a public regret for his adultery, but this did not improve their marriage.[5]. Relationships. In these complicated disputes over the choice of a royal marriage partner, Marie Leszczyńska eventually emerged as a choice acceptable to both the party of the Duke of Bourbon and Madame de Prie, as well as the party of Cardinal Fleury, mainly because she was politically uncontroversial and lacked any of the alliances which could harm either party. Marie married Louis Xv of France on September 4 1725, at age 22. She had nine children. The relationship between Marie and Louis was initially described as a happy one, and for the first eight years of the marriage, Louis XV was faithful to her. Maria was on a list of 99 eligible European princesses to marry the young king. Marie was baptized on month day 1703, at baptism place. [4] Cardinal de Fleury, who had been Louis's tutor, was appointed her grand almoner. Maria Karolina Zofia Felicja Leszczyńska was the wife of King Louis XV of France. She regarded the first official mistress, Louise Julie de Mailly, as the most hurtful because she was the first one, but she disliked Marie Anne de Mailly on a more personal level because Marie Anne was haughty and insolent. Date of birth/death: 17 March 1685 7 November 1766 Location of birth/death: Paris: Paris: Work period: 1700s-1750s: Work location: Paris Authority control: Q277738; VIAF: 61708615; ISNI: 0000 0000 8141 1717; ULAN: 500120754; LCCN: n90662682; MusicBrainz: b25ab8a0-a7d3-45a4-846f-1b1b0473e950; WorldCat; Title: English: Marie Leszczyńska, Queen of France, Reading the Bible … When her first daughter-in-law died in 1746, the queen, very fond and loving of her only son, opposed the selection of his next spouse, the Duchess Marie-Josèphe of Saxony, because she was the daughter of her father's rival, Frederick Augustus Wettin of Saxony, King August III of Poland. Marie Leszczyńska, Queen consort of France and Navarre ca. Her “colourist”, Etienne Jeaurat, guided her paintbrush for 15 years, and she was advised by Jean-Baptiste Oudry. About. Queen Marie of France, pained by Carle van Loo, c1747. Cambridge University Press (2004). Queen Marie never managed to develop political influence. A Psychobiographic Inquiry (2010), Louis had no children; he died aged 10 in 1795. Her lack of dynastic status and lack of connections left her without a political power base, and she did not manage to acquire any personal or political influence. Marie was the benefactor of the painter Jean-Marc Nattier, whom she commissioned in 1748 to paint the last portrait she ever sat for, an unusual one as it was informal. The young couple was reported to have fallen in love at first sight. Kvinnor vid maktens sida : 1632-1772. Louis XV is thus left to his own devices after the successive deaths of his mistress and wife. [5] Marie's father Stanislaus had been a monarch for only a short time and she was thought to be a poor choice of inferior status not worthy of being queen of France. Marie Leszczyńska was previously married to Louis XV of France (1725 - 1768). 1747 - Marie Leszczyńska by Charles-André van Loo. by Scott Mehl. In Culture. Cardinal de Fleury, who h… She was buried at the Basilica of St Denis, and her heart was entombed at the Church of Notre-Dame-de-Bonsecours in Nancy (Lorraine). Queen Marie’s death at the age of 65 is a disaster for the monarchy. Mairiage. There were long-ongoing negotiations of a marriage between Marie and the now widowed Duke of Bourbon: Madame de Prie favored the match, as she did not perceive the reputedly unattractive Marie as a threat to her. [4] After the 1726 crisis and until the birth of a dauphin in 1729, Cardinal Fleury and the Princess of Carignano made long running preparations to replace Marie, preferably with Charlotte of Hesse-Rheinfels-Rotenburg, if she should die in childbirth. Background. [4] Fleury and Marie developed a cordial relationship, and he often granted her his support when he estimated that her request to the king was harmless; such as in 1742, when the Cardinal, on her request, persuaded the king to allow her to appoint her personal friend Amable-Gabrielle de Villars as Dame d'atours. Queen Marie maintained the role and reputation of a simple and dignified Catholic queen. Although few traces of her 42 years at the Palace remain—most were wiped out as a result of the changes wrought by Marie-Antoinette—the wife of King Louis XV nevertheless made her mark through the art she commissioned and the private chambers she created. 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